Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Historical Information About The Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is a "five-thousand-foot-deep gorge carved by the Colorado River in northwestern Arizona". It reaches 277 miles long, 18 miles wide and more than a mile deep. The Grand Canyon is a consequence of continual erosion due to the Colorado River throughout millions of years.

Where is the Grand Canyon located?

The Grand Canyon lies in the northwest corner of Arizona and it borders Utah and Nevada. It is accessible from neighboring areas like Phoenix, Flagstaff, Sedona, and Las Vegas. The vast majority of the Grand Canyon is located within Grand Canyon National Park and is overseen by the National Park Service (NPS), the Hualapai Tribal Nation and the Havasupai Tribe.

Additionally, the Colorado River passes through the enormous canyon. It touches seven states, but the Grand Canyon National Park is inside Arizona's state borders. Arizona is predominantly thought of as the Grand Canyon State. Apart from the Grand Canyon, the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area is found in Utah and the Lake Mead National Recreation Area contacts the Grand Canyon in Nevada.
The Grand Canyon's climate is primarily semi-arid. Some segments of the upper plateau feature forests. Alternatively, the canyon's lower regions are a series of desert basins. According to the NPS, there more than 1,500 plants and 517 combined creatures found in the park. These creatures include several species of mammals, fish, reptiles and more.

The Grand Canyon is divided into two different zones. They are known as the North Rim and the South Rim. The South Rim is open all year and it experiences the bulk of the park's guests. In addition to the canyon, the South Rim has numerous services such as an air terminal and railroads. This area is a good location for transport services and is accessible from surrounding cities. Visitors will usually depart from these areas by utilizing a Grand Canyon Day Tour.

The North Rim lies closer to Nevada and Utah. This area is not nearly as accessible as the South Rim nevertheless it has amazing views and sights. Normally, hiking is the best way to gain access to it via the North and South Kaibab Trails. There are also roads to the North Canyon but the range is over 200 miles and due to factors like weather and conditions, they are not always proven to be safe to travel.

Grand Canyon Skywalk 

The Canyon's National Park is a great tourist location. Within the park is one of the more popular tourist attractions, the Grand Canyon Skywalk. The horseshoe shaped platform is made of glass and the rim of the Grand Canyon is 70 feet behind you. The opposite side of the canyon is 3 miles in front of you. It stands almost 4,000 feet above the floor of the canyon. The structure opened in March 2007 and over 300,000 people visit is every year.

How was the Grand Canyon formed?

Geologists dispute over the particulars of the formation of the Grand Canyon. Many argue the process and time it took to forge this incredible site. The overall consensus was updated at a 2010 conference. Its believed that the Colorado River carved the Grand Canyon over 6 million years ago.

Modern advancements in dating methods suggest a new theory and time of when the rocks where revealed by erosion. The theory conflicts with the conventional idea that the canyon was uniformly created and that there where actually two separate canyons initially. They are known as the East and West Canyons. The West Canyon could be as old as 70 million years according to recent studies.

The walls of the Grand Canyon are composed of almost fifty different rock layers. Since they run the length of the canyon, this provides scientists with the ability to study geologic progression.
Over century's time, indigenous people made the canyon their home and created settlements all throughout it. Many clues into their civilization have been discovered inside the canyon and it's caves. Furthermore, the Pueblo people considered the Grand Canyon a religious site and made pilgrimages to it.

An explorer from Spain, García López de Cárdenas, was the 1st European recorded to have seen the Grand Canyon. Garcia was a member of the 1540 expedition of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado. He located the canyon when searching for a river he learned about from the Hopi people.

President Theodore Roosevelt, promoted the conservation of the Grand Canyon. When at the canyon, he spent time hunting and studying the terrain. Based off of his adventure their, he mentioned, "In the Grand Canyon, Arizona has a natural wonder which is in kind absolutely unparalleled throughout the rest of the world. I want to ask you to keep this great wonder of nature as it now is. I hope you will not have a building of any kind, not a summer cottage, a hotel or anything else, to mar the wonderful grandeur, the sublimity, the great loneliness and beauty of the canyon. Leave it as it is. You can not improve on it. The ages have been at work on it, and man can only mar it". President Roosevelt created the Grand Canyon Game Preserve in 1906 and the Grand Canyon National Monument in 1908. Nearly 15 years later the Grand Canyon eventually became the fifteenth national park. In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson authorized The Grand Canyon National Park Act and the NPS assumed administration duties of the park.

The Grand Canyon is an amazing sight to see. If you are interested in visiting the canyon make sure to arrange for your trip. Tourplicity offers tourists with a complete catalog of tour options. Call us to schedule your Grand Canyon Day Tour today!

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